Promotion of Livelihood activities has been regular focus of the organization. The organization believes in value addition, introduction of new technology , improvement in the current livelihood activities and innovation to enhance their income and simultaneously to improve their social and economic status. Drudgery reduction among the farmers and women has been key in which the organization has focussed regularly while introducing any livelihood activities. We continued with the two broad livelihood streams, namely, enhancing productivity of natural resources and promoting home-based micro-enterprises. Income enhancement (rather than expenditure reduction) remains the main focus of our programmes. The natural resource programme comprises of agriculture, horticulture and other tree-based activities, livestock rearing, small-scale irrigation and watershed development. Poultry has been one of the micro-enterprises which is largely been promoted
Integrated natural resource management (INRM) is the demand of present scenario where there is imbalances in ecology. NRM based livelihood activities has been key strategy of the organization to enhance their income. The families are being facilitated to harness natural resources available with them, emphasizing on land based livelihood , animal husbandry to enhance their livelihoods For the purpose different farm based demonstration and testing has been adopted to replicate with larger section of the society.
Natural Resource Development (NRD) Unit works with local communities in three key areas:Dry land management
Water resources management
Profitability of natural resources
These natural resources development programme is being executed in degraded and wasteland of 500 hectare area. 1200 Tribal Family have been benefitted. The total coverage is 2 blocks in Hazaribagh.
Statistical Detail of Watershed project.
Prototype in 19 Villages in 500 hectares in Church and Bishungarh of Hazaribagh district.
Dry Land Management
Jan Sahyog Kendras work on dry land management has been one of the main component in integrated watershed development work. Comprehensive treatment of all land falling within micro watersheds has become a very important element of the NRD strategy. The integrated approach has initiated with soil and water conservation across the watershed, from the upper reaches to the lower reaches. Subsequently, plantations, grazing lands, and various water management interventions are introduced. Community members undertake all the physical labour, which is coordinated by their watershed committee. This year, 500 of land in total were treated under the watershed development programme.
Development Water ResourceWater scarcity in the area is major problem. Storing rainwater received during the monsoons, establishing a variety of irrigation methods and more recently exploring drinking water interventions, JSK has been working to help communities address these concerns. To date, JSK has supported the construction of 69 anicuts (earthen water harvesting structures), 46 pounds and 44 irrigation systems.
Water Harvesting Structures
This year, repair work was carried out on 11 water-harvesting structures with contribution of 20-30%. Beyond storing water, water-harvesting structures lead to the recharge ground water which ultimately resulted in raised water level of wells.
An Innovation for Rural Masses-Irrigation through Gravity Flow Mechanism.
An innovative irrigation system through a gravity flow mechanism has also been introduced in the villages. Farmers have started using such energy efficient irrigation systems to increase the total area of land under cultivation. The system has efficiently and effectively
worked and the farmers are able to get benefits of such innovation. The enhancement of income through this has consequently enhanced their food security and regular education to their children.
The regular lift irrigation system which was also been promoted among the villagers.
Over the years, JSK has taken up several activities to address the issue of clean drinking water, such as the construction of parapet wells, repair of hand pumps, water chlorination and awareness campaigns.Promotion irrigation and land levelling under INRM:
Micro Lift irrigation System-2
Land Levelling-11 Hectare
2,378 farmers have been involved in a variety of interventions under the agricultural programme , interventions cover training for improved farming practices, support for horticulture plantation, vegetable cultivation, crop development through crop trials and taking up vermin-composting.
Hoticulture Cultivation/ Plantation
The idea behind this intervention is to strengthen the capacity of these farmers to produce vegetables at the village level for both self-consumption and income generation. As the results of these interventions having proved quite promising, the introduction of new initiatives such as the use of drip irrigation systems and sprinklers are being introduced